Dr. Carol Robbins is a senior economist in the Science and Engineering Indicators Program in NSF’s National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics (NCSES). She is the lead author of the Invention, Knowledge Transfer, and Innovation report that will be released this fall as part of Science and Engineering Indicators 2020. Her work at NCSES is focused on improving the data provided within the federal statistical system on the measurement of intangible investment and innovation. She also serves as an executive secretary to the National Science Board’s Science and Engineering Policy Committee. Prior to joining NCSES, she worked for more than 10 years at the Bureau of Economic Analysis, where she played a leading role in the conceptual and empirical work behind the BEA-NSF R&D satellite account and subsequent inclusion of R&D as investment in U.S. national, industry, and regional economic accounts. Her areas of expertise include measurement and analysis of R&D expenditures, international flows of technology, patent statistics, innovation and regional economic activity. She has a B.A. in Economics from Bryn Mawr College and Ph.D. in Economics from the University of Delaware.